The bible and radiocarbon dating archaeology
To anchor these floating relative chronologies, scholars noted ancient references to astronomical events such as solar eclipses or the rising of certain stars.
Modern scientists were able to date these ancient astronomical occurrences, which allowed scholars to assign precise years to the ancient records.
Reaching scholarly consensus with regard to a fixed Bible chronology has proven elusive—in large part due to a dearth of archaeological evidence.
Many argue that ancient Egypt chronology is not without its own points of contention, and that in any case Egyptian chronology is only one piece of the broader puzzle that is Bible chronology.
Jericho is just one example of the discrepancy between historical and C14 dates for the second millennium B. C14 dates are consistently 100–150 years earlier than historical dates.
is based on pottery, which, in turn, is based on Egyptian chronology.
Scholars often rely on the records of neighboring cultures, such as the Egyptian chronology of Israel’s neighbor ancient Egypt, to try and draw parallels to events described the Bible, thereby establishing a universally accepted Bible chronology.
Additional tests were done on six grain samples from the destruction level resulting in dates between 16 B. and 12 charcoal samples from the destruction level resulting in dates between 16 B. The literature on the subject is enormous, so I will not attempt to give you references.
There is a heated debate going on among scholars concerning this, especially with regard to the date of the eruption of Thera (Santorini).
Until now, scholars used ancient Egyptian, Assyrian and Babylonian king lists—documents that meticulously record the succession of kings and the lengths of their reigns over hundreds of years.
But these ancient sources weren’t fixed to a precise date, so although they might tell us that Ramesses II ruled for 66 years, between the reigns of Seti I and Merneptah in ancient Egyptian chronology, they didn’t tell us the actual Egyptian chronology according to our modern dating system.Archaeology is a science, not in the Aristotelian sense of cognitio certa per causas but in the modern sense of systematic knowledge.